March of the Triffids: Japanese corals shifting polewards 14km per year

Yes, you read the title correctly.

A recent piece of research posted on Ari’s blog – AGW Observer – caught my attention:

Rising temperatures caused by climatic warming may cause poleward range shifts and/or expansions in species distribution. Tropical reef corals (hereafter corals) are some of the world’s most important species, being not only primary producers, but also habitat-forming species, and thus fundamental ecosystem modification is expected according to changes in their distribution. Although most studies of climate change effects on corals have focused on temperature-induced coral bleaching in tropical areas, poleward range shifts and/or expansions may also occur in temperate areas. We show the first large-scale evidence of the poleward range expansion of modern corals, based on 80 years of national records from the temperate areas of Japan, where century-long measurements of in situ sea-surface temperatures have shown statistically significant rises. Four major coral species categories, including two key species for reef formation in tropical areas, showed poleward range expansions since the 1930s, whereas no species demonstrated southward range shrinkage or local extinction. The speed of these expansions reached up to 14 km/year, which is far greater than that for other species. Our results, in combination with recent findings suggesting range expansions of tropical coral-reef associated organisms, strongly suggest that rapid, fundamental modifications of temperate coastal ecosystems could be in progress.

That the range of these corals is shifting north at such a rate is stunning. This is what we mean by multiple lines of evidence for climate change. Even if we had no temperature records for the last 100+ years, this kind of change is indicative of a profound shift.

And also a little scary.


2 thoughts on “March of the Triffids: Japanese corals shifting polewards 14km per year

  1. john byatt says:

    We are feeling the pain here in OZ re Christchurch earthquake roger

    Hope you and yours are safe

    • Fred Orth says:

      John, pictures look terrible! My wife has close friends there and they tell her that they have no water or electricity. They are moving North. Terrible.

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